Low back pain can be the result of many different things. Pain can be triggered by some combination of overuse, muscle strain, and/or injuries to the muscles, ligaments, and discs that support the spine. Over time, a muscle injury that has not been managed correctly may lead to an overall imbalance in the spine. This can lead to constant tension on the muscles, ligaments, bones, making the back more prone to injury or re-injury.
Since low back pain can be caused by injury to various structures in the spine and its supporting structures, it is important to consult your professional health care provider if you have had back pain lasting longer than 1-2 weeks. They can provide a diagnosis and explain what structure is injured so that appropriate treatment and exercises can be prescribed for your specific injury.
Each diagnosis is treated with different protocols, therefore it is important that you consult a health care professional before beginning any strenuous rehabilitation program. Low back exercises and flexibility can be the best treatment option for almost all types of back problems as it is likely to help restore balance in the spine. Low back exercises concentrate on strengthening with the abdominal muscles, to be able to give stabilization of the spine. Rehabilitation programs or preventative rehabilitation programs that focus on strengthening lumbar muscles combined with core stability and proprioception will reduce the risk of low back pain if exercises are done correctly, and on a regular basis.